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Coal mining in Chailluz since the modern era

Que révèlent les plateformes de charbonnage de la forêt de Chailluz ?

The Franche-Comté forest, in particular the bisontine forest, suffered heavily from its exploitation during the 18th and 19th centuries, causing a shortage of wood on the bisontin territory. Whether at the regional or national level, the reasons for this shortage, described in many historiographical sources and research work, appear to be complex and manifold. Moreover, at the scale of Besançon these reasons seemed until now mainly related to architectural wood and firewood. This is why the discovery of nearly a thousand modern coal mining platforms in the Chailluz forest was surprising since it foreshadows a marked charcoal production during this period, while the few texts mentioning the bisontin coal mining seem to depict a rather episodic activity. The beginnings of a study carried out in the departmental archives, then made it possible to identify and characterize the large consumers of the wood of the city during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries other than the coal activity. In addition, the archaeological study of the places where coal was produced at Chailluz made it possible to characterize the colliery at the end of the modern era, thus providing the image of 18th century forest stands and the impact of this practice. on this forest and its role in the shortage of modern wood.

Aurore Dupin is a young doctor in archeology and continues his research problems in anthracology (study charcoal) in a paleoenvironmental context.

Coal mining in Chailluz since the modern era
Little Kursaal, Besançon
Thursday, January 24, 2019, 8 pm
Free admission
General public

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