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Thesis offer, environmental cartography / epidemiology, Besançon

Thesis subject: Study C-3PO - Vulnerable population, air pollution and heat waves: approach of the vulnerability of the agglomeration community}

Atmospheric pollution, population exposure, vulnerability, pregnancy, modeling

PhD project
In urban and peri-urban areas, road traffic and home heating are important contributors to anthropogenic air pollution. The health effect of this air pollution has been generated (Brunekreef 2002), in particular an excess of mortality and a cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and an excess of hospital admissions, as well as harmful consequences on the progress of the pregnancy (Dockery 1993). , Katsouyanni 2001, Samet 2000).
Primary pollutants (ozone, peroxyacetyl nitrate) are generally underlying photochemical reactions and secondary pollutants. This is the general distribution of the global space. Given the mode of production of photo-oxidants, there is a close link between the level of ozone and sunlight, and therefore the temperature of the air. One of the foreseeable consequences of global warming is the increase in the frequency and length of heat waves. To know more, a heat wave as well in 2003 could be 8 all during the period 2021-2050 and at the end of the 21st century, more than 10% of heat waves be much more severe than that of 2003 (Vérène Wagner 2018). The effects of these future changes on air quality are photo-oxidants at the agglomeration community territory scale are unknown.

In summary, the actual position of populations in photo-oxidative air pollution, its modulation between urban and peri-urban areas, as well as the health consequences of this pollution are still to be clarified. Finally, the impact of increased heat waves on human exposure to these secondary pollutants and its health effects is unknown.

Application expected until mai 31, 2019

Offre de thèse C3PO

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