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GIRAUDOUX Patrick

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Research interests

My research focuses on wildlife ecology and ecosystem health [1]. It aims at understanding how and on which scales, the spatial structure of ecological systems determines the population dynamics of small mammals, their predators, their pathogens and toxicants, and their impacts on socio-ecosystems. I am also interested in the relations between ecology and health and the conflicts between humanity and wildlife: snub-nosed monkeys and wild Asian elephants in China.

It explores the consequences of land use changes: agricultural and pastoral practices, deforestation, reforestation, etc.. Questions are based on the conceptual framework of landscape ecology and on the multi-scale analysis of the disturbances of regional ecosystems, with implications in agriculture, health and conservation. They take place at the interface between several disciplines: ecology and health sciences, ecology and agronomy, ecology and ecotoxicology, ecology and conservation biology, etc..

My research is grounded on empirical field studies and mobilises networks of professionals in agriculture, conservation and health. It integrates methods of epidemiology and of population ecology, in a systems approach, in order to understand population interactions, wildlife - humans conflicts, and the processes by which pathogen organisms and chemical toxicants are transmitted/transferred at various spatial and temporal scales. It focuses on long term monitoring of wildlife and pathogen population dynamics at regional scale (e.g. > 10000 km2). Advanced methods of statistical and spatial modelling are combined with remote sensing, GIS and molecular genetics in order to characterize host and pathogen populations.

My study fields are mostly in mountainous areas of Europe (Jura, Alps), of Central Asia ([loess plateaus in south Gansu and Ningxia, Tibetan plateau, Tian Shan, Pamir, etc.) and of south-western China (Three parallel rivers, Yunnan). I had also collaborative research on the high plateaus of northern Mexico, in Indonesia (Sumatra, Bali) and in Africa.


Professional curriculum

Positions:

  • Professor of ecology at the University of Franche-Comté since 1998, emeritus since the 1st of november 2019.



  • 50% delegation at the CNRS 2017-2019



Associate-professor at the University of Burgundy from 1992 to 1998, biology-geology teacher in high schools and educational colleges in France (1980-1991) and Niger (1977-1979).

Commitments (selection):
Founder and coordinator of the CNRS-INEE International Research Network (GDRI) "Ecosystem health and environmental disease ecology", 2013-2020; Co-founder and coordinator of the Long term socio-ecological research (LTSER) site "Jurassian Arc" 2013-2016 ; Co-founder and vice-head of the research department Chrono-environment (UMR UFC/CNRS 6249) 2008-2011 ; Head of the Department of Environmental Biology EA3184 usc INRA 2004-2007; Vice-head 2000-2003 ; Co-founder and coordinator of the Master of Science "Life, earth, environment and society" (VTESS) then "Ecosystems, contaminants, health" (ECoS) 2004-2014; Co-founder and vice-coordinator of the Master of Science "Environment, health and society" (ESS), 2000-2003; Co-founder and member of the steering commitee of the Master d’Écologie des maladies infectieuses et évaluation du risque (ECOM-ALGER) of the University of Kinshasa since 2014.

Editorial board of Alauda, Bourgogne Franche-Comté Nature, Parasite, Scientific Reports.



Sélection d’articles récents

For a full list access researchID/WoS or ResearchGate)

I signed the #ScientistsWarningtoHumanity https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix125 & https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz088

Articles

2022

Brun A, Greusard M, Reynes JM, Grenier M, Boumalid J, Giraudoux P. Chirouze C, Bouiller K, Bailly B. 2022 Health consequences of an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome epidemic in the southern Jura Mountains in 2021. Infectious Diseases Now. In press.

Riojas-López ME, Mellink E., Giraudoux P. 2022 Drivers of bird and rodent assemblage composition in rangelands of southern Mexican Plateau. Journal of Rangeland Management. Available here.

Giraudoux P, Besombes C, Bompangue D, Guégan JF, Mauny F, Morand S. 2022. One Health or "One Health washing": an alternative more than ever to overcome. CABI One Health. Available here.

Michelat, D., Giraudoux, P., 2022. Chasse aux oiseaux d’eau et “Paysage de la peur” dans un site Ramsar et Natura 2000, le bassin du Drugeon (Doubs, France). Nos Oiseaux 69/2: 111-136.

Giraudoux P. 2022. La santé des écosystèmes: quelle définition ?. Bulletin de l’académie vétérinaire de France. eprint. 1-10 Available here

Giraudoux P. 2022. Ecosystem health: what is the definition ?. Bulletin de l’académie vétérinaire de France. eprint. 11-20 Available here

Giraudoux, P., 2022. One health and echinococcoses: something missing? International Journal of Echinococcoses 1, 15–18. Available here

Giraudoux, P., 2022. Pics épidémiques de fièvre hémoragique à syndrome rénal et stabilité historique des foyers : les connaissances écologiques sont encore insuffisantes pour les comprendre. Bourgogne Franche-Comté Nature 34, 131–142. Available here

Giraudoux P (edt). 2022. Socioecosystems. Indiscipline as a requirement of the field. ISTE, Londres. Available here

Giraudoux P (edt). 2022. Socio-écosystèmes. L’indiscipline comme exigence du terrain. ISTE, Londres. Available here.

2021

Afonso E, Fu R, Dupaix A, Goydadin AC, Yu ZH, Callou C, Villette P, Giraudoux P, Li L 2021 Feeding sites promoting wildlife-related tourism might highly expose the endangered Yunnan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) to parasite transmission. Scientific Reports 11, 15817 Available here

Umhang G, Demerson JM, Legras L, Boucher JM, Peytavin de Garam C, Bastid V, Vannard E, Pinot A , Giraudoux P, Boué F. 2021. Rodent control programs can integrate Echinococcus multilocularis surveillance by facilitating parasite genotyping: the case of Arvicola terrestris voles screening in France. Veterinary Parasitology, Available here

Molia S, Saillard J, Dellagi K, Cliquet F, Bart JM, Rotureau B, Giraudoux P, Jannin J, Debré P, Solano P. 2021. Practices in research, surveillance and control of neglected tropical diseases by One Health approaches: A survey targeting scientists from French-speaking countries. PLOS NTD 15(3), e0009246. Available here

Zaatour W, Marilleau N, Giraudoux P, Martiny N, Ben Haj Amara A, Ben Miled S 2021. An agent-based model of a cutaneous leishmaniasis reservoir host, Meriones shawi. Ecological Modelling, 443 Available here.

Guo BP, Zhang ZZ, Guo YZ, Guo G, Wang HY, Ma5 JJ, Chen RG, Zheng XT, Bao JL, He L, Wang T, Qi WJ, Tian MX, Wang JW, Zhou CL, Giraudoux P, Marston CG, McManus DP, Zhang WB, Li J 2021 High endemicity of alveolar echinococcosis in Yili Prefecture, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China: infection status in different ethnic communities and in small mammals. PLOS NTD Available here.

Afonso E, Fu R, Dupaix A, Goydadin AC, Yu ZH, Li DY, Giraudoux P, Li L 2021 Creating small food-habituated groups might alter genetic diversity in the endangered Yunnan snub-nosed monkey. Global ecology and conservation. Available here.

2020

Giraudoux P, Levret A, Afonso E, Coeurdassier M, Couval G 2020 Numerical response of predators to large variations of grassland vole abundance and long-term community change. Ecology and Evolution, epub Available here

Wang Q, Zhong B, Yu WJ, Zhang GJ, Budke C, Liao S, He W, Chen F, Xu KJ, Xie F, Dangba ZL, Wang Q, Yang L, Huang Y, Li RR, Yao RX, Giraudoux P, Craig PS 2020 Assessment of a 10-year dog deworming programme on the transmission of Echinococcus multilocularis in Tibetan communities, Sichuan Province, China. International Journal for Parasitology. Available here

Da Silva, A.M., Courquet, S., Raoul, F., Rieffel, D., Giraudoux, P., Millon, L., Knapp, J., 2020. Assessment of the exposure to Echinococcus multilocularis associated with carnivore faeces using real-time quantitative PCR and flotation technique assays. International Journal for Parasitology. Available here

Batumbo-Boloweti D, Giraudoux P, Deniel C, Garnier E, Mauny F, Mahinda-Kasereca C, Kisungu R, Muyembé JJ, Bompangue D, Bornette G 2020 Volcanic activity controls cholera outbreaks in the East African Rift. PLOS NTD Available here. See also CNRS news

Villette P, Afonso E, Couval G, Levret A, Galan M, Goydadin AC, Cosson JF, Giraudoux P 2020 Spatio-temporal trends in richness and persistence of bacterial communities in decline-phase water vole populations. Scientific Reports, 10, 9506 Available here

Nicod C, Couval G., Giraudoux P., Gillet F 2020 Vole disturbances and plant community diversity in a productive hay meadow. Acta Oecologica, 106. Available here until August 05, 2020.

Baudrot V, Fernandez-de-Simon J, Coeurdassier M, Couval G, Giraudoux P, Lambin X 2020 Trophic transfer of pesticides: the fine line between predator-prey regulation and pesticide-pest regulation. Journal of Applied Ecology. Available here.

Jacob J, Imholt C, Caminero-Saldaña C, Couval G, Giraudoux P, Herrero-Cófreces S, Horváth G, Luque-Larena JJ, Tkadlec E, Wymenga E 2020 Europe-wide outbreak of common voles in 2019. Journal of Pest Science, Available here.

Galanaud P, Galanaud A, Giraudoux P, Labesse H 2020. Mortality and demographic recovery in early post-Black Death epidemics: role of recent emigrants in medieval Dijon. PLoS One, 5(1): e0226420 Available here

2019

Giraudoux P, Villette P, Quéré JP, Damange JP, Delattre P 2019 Weather influences M. arvalis reproduction but not population dynamics in a 17-year time series. Scientific Reports, Available here.

Giraudoux, P., 2019. Pour une médecine globale, préventive et écologique…/For a global, preventive and ecological medicine... Annales Africaines de Médecine 12 (4). Available here

Giraudoux P, Zhao YM, Afonso E, Yan HB, Knapp J, Rogan M, Shi DZ, Jia WZ, Craig PS 2019 Long-term retrospective assessment of a transmission hotspot for human alveolar echinococcosis in mid-west China. PLoS NTD, 13(8): e0007701 Available here. See also CNRS news.

Craig PS, Giraudoux P, Wang ZH, Wang Q 2019. Echinococcosis transmission on the Tibetan Plateau. Advances in parasitology, 104: 165-246 Available here.

Marston C, Giraudoux P 2019 On the synergistic use of optical and SAR time-series satellite data for small mammal disease host mapping. Remote Sensing 11(1), 39. Available here.

Zhang Y., Clauzel C, Li J, Xue YD, Zhang YG, Wu GS, Giraudoux P, Li L, Li DQ, 2019. Identifying refugia and corridors under climate change conditions for the Sichuan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in Hubei Province, China. Ecology and Evolution, 9 (4): 1680-1690 Available here.

Fernandez-de-Simon J, Coeurdassier M, Couval G, Fourel I, Giraudoux P 2019 Do bromadiolone treatments to control grassland water voles (Arvicola scherman) affect small mustelid abundance? Pest Management Science. 75 (4): 900-907. Available here.

2018

Giraudoux P., Lebreton J.D. 2018 La notion de santé des écosystèmes, ou ‘Zombies écologiques : comment des idées mortes vivent encore parmi nous’. Regards et débats sur la biodiversité. Société française d’écologie et d’évolution. Available here

Marilleau N, Lang C, Giraudoux P. 2018 Coupling agent-based with equation-based models to study spatially explicit megapopulation dynamics. Ecological Modelling. 384: 34-42. Available here.

Knapp J, Giraudoux P, Combes B, Umhang G, Boué F, Said-Ali Z, Aknouchea S, Garciaa C, Vacheyrou M, Laboissière A, Raton V, Comte S, Favier S, Demersone JM, Caillote C, Millon L, Raoul F 2018. Rural and urban distribution of wild and domestic carnivore stools in the context of Echinococcus multilocularis environmental exposure. International Journal for Parasitology. Available here.

Wang X, Liu JY, Zuo QQ, Mu ZQ, Weng XD, Sun XH, Wang JY, Boufana B, Craig PS, Giraudoux P, Raoul P, Wang ZH 2018 Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus shiquicus in the small mammal community on the eastern Tibetan plateau: host species composition, molecular prevalence, and epidemiological implications. Parasite and Vectors. 11:302 Available here

Fu R, Li L, Yu ZH, Afonso E, Giraudoux P 2018. Spatial and temporal distribution of Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, Rhinopithecus bieti, indices. Mammalia. 83 (2) Available here and Science Discoveries presentation here

Destoumieux-Garzón D, Mavingui P, Boetch G, Boissier J, Darriet F, Duboz P, Fritsch C, Giraudoux P, Le Roux F, Morand S, Paillard C, Pontier D, Sueur C, Voituron Y 2018 The One Health concept: 10 years old and a long road ahead. Frontiers in Veterinary Sciences. Epub. See also...

Coeurdassier, M., Fritsch, C., Jacquot, M., Van Den Brink, N., Giraudoux, P., 2018. Spatial Dimensions of the Risks of Rodenticide Use to Non-target Small Mammals and Applications in Spatially Explicit Risk Modeling, in Anticoagulant Rodenticides and Wildlife. Springer.

Datasets

Souvairan P, Giraudoux P, Michelat D. 2022. Bird counts at Buanyuantula, Makalondi, Niger 1991-1993 (1.0.0) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6905506

Michelat D, Giraudoux P. 2022. Barn owl diet and prey fluctuations in the Jura mountains, eastern France [Data set]. In Canadian Journal of Zoology (1.0.0, Vol. 88, Number 4, pp. 416–426). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6945677

Giraudoux P, Raoul F, Quéré J.P., Rieffel, D. 2022. Small mammal survey in Narati (China) and Sary-Mogul (Kyrgyzstan) (1.0) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6379911

Michelat D, Giraudoux P. 2022. Distribution of waterbirds along the Drugeon river, France [Data set]. In Nos Oiseaux (1.0.0, Vol. 69, Number 2, pp. 111–136). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4540002




Road side counts

Importing POI or waypoints in a navigation system on smartphone: road side counts are often made along road segments, whose tops are georeferenced, but to navigate from one segment end to the beginning of the other needs navigation on road. Some GPS can easily import waypoints but do not permit road navigation, and those who permit navigation generally do not permit waypoints importation (Waze, Mappy, ViaMichelin, etc.) except some sharewares. You’ll find in the pdf below a workaround based on combining two Google sofwares [2], My Maps and Maps, on a smartphone.

Download the pdf "Road-side counts and navigation"

Dealing with Chinese characters in Quantum GIS and importing/exporting Excel/text files with Chinese characters in R on Western MS Windows platform

Download the pdf "Dealing with Chinese characters in R"



Sustainable control of grassland small mammals


[1EcoHealth is a domain of science committed to fostering the health of humans, animals and ecosystems and to conducting research which recognizes the inextricable linkages between the health of all species and their environments. A basic tenet held is that health and wellbeing cannot be sustained in a resource depleted, polluted and socially unstable planet. This is why EcoHealth scholars and practitioners engage in integrated systemic approaches to health that sustain ecosystem health services, foster social stability and promote the peaceful interdependence, coexistence and evolution of humans, animals, plants and their environments.

[2I would have prefered to provide a workaround based on a system that is not based on personal information trafficking, but did not find one relevant yet. Usual awareness about the use of private/personal infos by GAFAM and similar companies must be considered