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Mônica Vieira de Souza. Brésil

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Suite au séjour de Matthieu Le Bailly à Rio de Janeiro en juin 2016 pour la mise en place d’une nouvelle collaboration avec l’équipe de paléoparasitologie de l’institut Oswaldo Cruz, le laboratoire Chrono-environnement accueille pour un mois Mônica Vieira de Souza, doctorante en épidémiologie qui travaille sur les infections à oxyuride.

Mônica Vieira de Souza. Here for one month

Where do you come from ?
I come from Brazil. My hometown is Contagem, which is a large city near the capital of Minas Gerais state. However, I was living in Rio de Janeiro for the last 20 years. I am currently a PhD student working in Epidemiology at the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, in Rio de Janeiro.

What is your background before coming to the lab ?
I studied Biology at the Faculdade Souza Marques, Rio de Janeiro, and after my studies I obtained a Master degree on Public Health by ENSP/Fiocruz (EscolaNacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz), in this same city. During my graduation I participated in the Scientific Initiation Program (PIBIC) of the ENSP/Fiocruz, where I started the research in Paleoparasitology, a science that studies the origin and evolution of diseases in the past, in the Laboratory of Dr. Luiz Fernando Ferreira and Dr. Adauto Araújo. Since then, I have worked with coprolites (naturally preserved feces) from humans and other animals collected from archaeological and paleontological sites around the world, searching for vestiges of helminths and protozoa, and vestiges of food remains. I completed my master’s thesis with coprolites of human, rodent, anteater, feline and Dasypodidae (armadillo) from northeastern Brazil. For my PhD in Epidemiology, I decided to study the Paleoepidemiology and Paleoparasitology of oxyuride infections, mainly oxyurids of primates and rodents.

Why come to this lab ?
I am working now in the Paleoparasitology group of the laboratory Chrono-environment with Matthieu Le Bailly. This is a reference group for studies in Paleoparasitology in France and Europe, with a large number of publications on the subject and development of new analytical techniques for this science. Learning these techniques and analysis is important for my training and future work, in addition, to reaffirming the long-standing partnership between the Paleoparasitology Laboratories of Brazil and France. I met Matthieu Le Bailly when he came to the laboratory in Rio de Janeiro last June, and I had the opportunity to talk to him about my thesis. The two laboratories have a project funded by CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) and by COFECUB.

What is your research topic and what will you do during your stay here ?
I am going to analyze sediment samples from the Besançon collection, collected at an archaeological site in France and dated to the medieval period. This work will be part of my doctoral formation as a complementary study. The objective is to discuss the paleoparasitological findings, to tell the history of infections in the past.

What is surprising you in France, how do you feel here ?
Winter temperatures are very different from Brazil, this is being an intense and cold experience. But, I am feeling very good here, the people are very nice, helpful and friendly. The food is also very different, and I really was not used to eat so much bread. The cheeses are fantastic. The surprising landscapes, beyond the history that surrounds the whole city. Really fascinating and I’m very happy to live here.

And finally, where we can find you in the lab ?
You can find me in Chrono-environment lab, office -123M in the propédeutique building.