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QMedFire ‒ Holocene fire regimes quantification and modelling in Mediterranean ecosystems

Finished: 01-10-2016 → 31-12-2019


Project Région Bourgogne Franche-Comté

This project aims to gain detailed understanding of the Mediterranean fire regime and ecology over the Holocene, providing a sound basis for risk assessment, and focusing on questions such as: How have climate and land use shaped fire regimes and ecosystems throughout the Holocene? How resilient are different vegetation types, certain species and ecosystem functioning to changes in climate and fire? This project addresses these questions by linking existing and new data with models. It combines methods from paleoecology, paleoclimatology, geomorphology, archeology and vegetation-fire modeling. New datasets (sedimentary charcoal counting) from lake cores (Provence, Alpes Maritimes, Corse) and regional extrapolations will be first produced by the applicant who will then combine them with fine-scale fire models (BehavePlus and FlamMap3), a regional-scale dynamic vegetation-fire models (with the LPJ-GUESS-SPITFIRE model) and a fire risk model ‘Fire Weather Index). By cross-scale data-model comparisons, we expect to gain a realistic representation of fire and ecosystem dynamics over the Holocene and improve our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. We will also improve and test vegetation-fire models widely used in climate impact research and re-assess earlier projections of rather dramatic ecosystem shifts in the Mediterranean region. Our results will inform land management and nature conservation actions and policies.

Holder: VANNIÈRE Boris


Christelle Hély (EPHE, ISEM, Montpellier)

Maxime Debret (M2C, U. de Rouen)

Pierre Sabatier (EDYTEM, U. Savoie Mont-Blanc, Chambéry)

Walter Finsinger (CNRS, ISEM, Montpellier)

Research locations:

International synthesis
National synthesis
Sudan South Sudan Georgia Abkhazia South Ossetia Peru Burkina Faso France Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Bretagne Centre-Val de Loire Corse Grand Est Haut-de-France Île-de-France Normandie Nouvelle-Aquitaine Occitanie Pays de la Loire Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Guadeloupe Martinique La Réunion Mayotte Guyane Libya Belarus Pakistan Azad Kashmir Indonesia Yemen Madagascar Bolivia, Plurinational State of Serbia Kosovo Cote d'Ivoire Algeria Switzerland Cameroon Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Botswana Kenya Jordan Mexico United Arab Emirates Belize Brazil Sierra Leone Mali Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Italy Somalia Somaliland Afghanistan Bangladesh Dominican Republic Guinea-Bissau Ghana Austria Sweden Turkey Uganda Mozambique New Zealand Cuba Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Portugal Colombia Mauritania Angola Germany Thailand Australia Papua New Guinea Iraq Croatia Greenland Niger Denmark Latvia Romania Zambia Myanmar Ethiopia Guatemala Suriname Czech Republic Chad Albania Finland Syrian Arab Republic Kyrgyzstan Solomon Islands Oman Panama Argentina United Kingdom Costa Rica Paraguay Guinea Ireland Nigeria Tunisia Poland Namibia South Africa Egypt Tanzania, United Republic of Saudi Arabia Viet Nam Russian Federation Crimea Haiti Bosnia and Herzegovina India China Hong Kong Macao Taiwan Canada El Salvador Guyana Belgium Equatorial Guinea Lesotho Bulgaria Burundi Djibouti Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh Iran, Islamic Republic of Malaysia Philippines Uruguay Congo Montenegro Estonia Rwanda Armenia Senegal Togo Spain Gabon Hungary Malawi Tajikistan Cambodia Korea, Republic of Honduras Iceland Nicaragua Chile Morocco Western Sahara Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Free Zone) Liberia Netherlands Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Central African Republic Slovakia Lithuania Zimbabwe Sri Lanka Israel Gaza Strip (State of Palestine) West Bank (State of Palestine) Lao People's Democratic Republic Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Greece Turkmenistan Ecuador Benin Slovenia Norway Moldova, Republic of Transnistria Ukraine Donetsk People's Republic Luhansk People's Republic Lebanon Nepal Eritrea United States